The Williamson area is served by Mingo Central High School and the South Williamson area is served by Belfry High School.

Previously it was served by Williamson High School.

Williamson is divided into three districts on the West Virginia side of the Tug Fork River: West End, East Williamson, and downtown proper. South Williamson is located on the Kentucky side of the river. South Williamson is an unincorporated area of Pike County and is associated with the adjacent Kentucky neighborhoods of Goody and Belfry. Though Williamson's population is not large inside the city limits, it is estimated that if considering the Kentucky neighborhoods along with the population of Williamson, the population would be around 9,000. The South Williamson area provides the city with most of the outlying businesses and restaurants and an indoor mall, South Side Mall.

Williamson is a city in Mingo County, West Virginia, United States, along the Tug Fork River. The population was 3,191 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Mingo County, and is the county's largest and most populous city. Williamson is home to Southern West Virginia Community and Technical College. The Tug Fork River separates Williamson from South Williamson, Kentucky.

Williamson is the site of a large rail yard built by the former Norfolk and Western Railroad (now Norfolk Southern Railway), which was built to service the many coal mines of the region. The city is protected by a floodwall, completed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineersin 1991 in response to devastating floods along the Tug Fork River in 1977 and again in 1984. The wall incorporates floodgates along major access points which, when locked, form a solid barrier against floodwaters. There have only been two uses of the gates thus far: the first occurring in 2002 during a major flood in the region, and the second occurring in 2003, when only two lower lying gates were closed in anticipation of rising water levels.

The local economy is largely fueled by coal mining, transportation, health care and retail.

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